पूर्वांचल/गोरखपुर ( Gorakhpur)
मुंशी प्रेमचन्द की कर्मस्थली व फिराक गोरखपुरी की जन्मस्थली के रुप मे गोरखपुर, पूर्वांचल के गौरव का प्रतीक है।
तीर्थाकर महावीर, करुणावतार गौतम बुद्ध, संत कवि कबीरदास एवं गुरु गोरक्षनाथ ने जनपद के गौरव को राष्ट्रीय व अन्तराष्ट्रीय स्तर पर प्रतिस्थापित किया ।
अमर शहीद पं0 राम प्रसाद बिस्मिल, बन्धु सिंह व चौरीचौरा आन्दोलन के शहीदों की शहादत स्थली गोरखपुर रही है ।
हस्तकला ‘टैराकोटा’ के लिए प्रसिद्ध व आधुनिक गोरखपुर का वर्तमान स्वरुप, मूलभूत सुविधा सम्पन्न, पर्यटकों को आकर्षित करता है। विगत वर्षों से गोरखपुर जनपद विकास के पथ पर अग्रसर है ।
|* It belongs to the Great Lord Buddha, founderof Buddhism, who renounced his princely costumes at the confluence of rivers Rapti & Rohini and proceeded further in the quest of truth in 600 BC.|
|* It is also associated with Lord Mahavir, 24th tirthankar, founder of Jainism.|
* The next event of importance was the association of Gorakhpur with Gorakhnath. The date and place of his birth have not yet been finally settled, but it was probably in the twelfth century that he flourished. His samadhi at Gorakhpur attracts a large number of pilgrims every year.
|* The most significant event in the medieval period, however, was the coming of mystic poet and famous saint Kabir to Maghar. Born in Varanasi, his workplace was Maghar where most of his beautiful poems were composed. It was here that he gave the message to his countrymen to live in peace and religious harmony. The co-existence of ‘Samadhi’ and ‘Makbara’ at his burial place in Maghar attracts a large number of followers.|
|* Gorakhpur is also identified with the Gita Press, the world famous publisher of the Hindu religious books. The most famous publication is ‘KALYAN’ magazine. All 18 parts of Shree Bhagwat Gita is written on its marble-walls. Other wall hangings and paintings reveal the events of life of Lord Ram and Krishna. The Gita Press is fore-front in dissemination of religious and spiritual consciousness across the country.|
|* Gorakhpur rose to great eminence due to the historic ‘CHAURI CHAURA’ incident of 4th Feb., 1922, which was a turning -point in the history of India’s freedom struggle. Enraged at the inhuman barbaric atrocities of the police, the volunteers burnt down the Chauri-Chaura Police Station, killing nineteen policemen at the premises. With this violence, Mahatma Gandhi withdrew the Non-Cooperation Movement launched in 1920.|
|* Another important event took place at Doharia (In Sahjanwa Tehsil ) on 23rd August,1942. In response to the famous Quit India Movement of 1942, a meeting was held to register its protest against the British Government at Doharia but the latter responded with unprovoked firing, killing nine and injuring hundreds. A Shaheed Smarak , in their memory, stands there which still today keeps their memory alive.|
|* The trial of Pt. Jawahar Lal Nehru took place in this district in 1940. Here he was sentenced to rigorous imprisonment of 4 years.|
|* Gorakhpur is also the Head Quarter of Air Force and known for Cobra Squadran.|
Location and Boundaries
The present district of Gorakhpur, 265 Kms east of capital Lucknow, on National Highway -28 lies between Latitude 26° 46´ N and Longitude 83° 22´ E, covers the geographical area of 3483.8 Sq. km. It is bounded by districts Mahrajganj in the north, Ambedkar Nagar, Azamgarh and Mau in the south, Kushinagar and Deoria in the east and Sant Kabirnagar in the west.
Gorakhpur is an important centre of Eastern U.P. It is the headquarter of North-Eastern Railway.
Air Force Station, and the main terminus for Kushinagar, Kapilvastu and Nepal.
Distance from main Cities (In Km.)
How to Reach
Rail : Gorakhpur is well connected with all major cities of India. It has computer- reservation facility. Details of Important trains connecting Gorakhpur is given below :
Name of Train
Buddha Parikrama Express
Rapti Sagar Express
Gkp. Bangalore Exp.
Roadways : Frequent road-transport is available for all major cities of U.P. The main Bus-stand is near railway station . Buses are available since early in the morning (3.00 Am) till late night, from Gorakhpur to Sanauli. Also, frequent service is available for other routes like Varanasi, Lucknow, Kanpur, Delhi etc. Link service for taking the Sharjah plane is also available, twice a week i.e. Sunday and Wednesday at 6.00 am.
Air : Air Force Station is 8 Km. from the railway station. On 8th March, 2003 it has been inaugurated as a commercial airport. Daily flights are available from Gorakhpur to Delhi and and Calcutta via Lucknow. The timings of the flight available at present are :
Another airstrip of U.P. Civil Aviation is also available in Kasia, 55 km. from Gorakhpur in Kushinagar district. Nearest other commercialAirports are Lucknow and Varanasi. For other information regarding flights please see website.
Education as an integral part of development of human resources has received an impetus with the establishment of the University of Gorakhpur. Progress in this sphere has been impressive over years. Gorakhpur has residential University, Engineering College, Medical College and Degree colleges for the students of the eastern region of Uttar Pradesh.
1. Deen Dayal Upadhyay University
Setup in 1957, 25 thousand students at present, are enrolled with approximately 320 teachers. Apart from the general courses, the University offers courses in Bio-Technology, Bio-Chemistry, Computer, Journalism, fine Arts & Music and MBA . It is also the centre of Academic Staff College (under UGC) and Indira Gandhi National Open University( IGNOU). It produced two chief ministers of the State, Shri. Vir Bahadur Singh and Shri. Raj Nath Singh Number of faculty members have held the post of Vice Chancellor, in different Universities with dignity. The prominent Vice Chancellor of Gorakhpur University were Prof. R.P. Rastogi (BHU), Prof. Nagendra (Lucknow), Prof. U.P. Singh (Purvanchal Univ.), Dr. Vidya Niwas Misra (Kashi Vidya Peeth), Prof. V.S. Pathak, Prof. Radhe Mohan& Mishra, Prof. Revati Raman etc. It also gave Directors of Higher Education Commission, Rajarshi Tondon Open University, Secondary Education Commission.
2. B.R.D. Medical College
Established in the year 1969, it is 6th Medical College in Uttar Pradesh. It is named after the prominent Social Worker Baba Raghav Das, a devoted freedom fighter and Sarvadaya Leader of this area. The College is situated 8 kms from the Gorakhpur Railway Station. Professor P.L. Shukla, was the founder Principal and Professor of Anatomy. This institution is affiliated ; with Gorakhpur University. The teaching hospital complex ‘Nehru Chikitsalaya’ came into existence in 1974. It has got 650 indoor beds and out patient departments for various disciplines of medical services.
3. M.M.M.Engineering College
Madan Mohan Malviya Engineering College was founded in 1962 to provide engineering and technical education for the development of the backward districts of eastern U.P. The college runs Under Graduate Programme in Civil, Electrical, Mechanical, Electronics & Communication and Computer Science. In addition to regular courses, it also runs part time Post Graduate Diploma Courses ( evening ) in Computer Application called P.G.D.C.A. and Computer Hardware Maintenance & Networking. Besides teaching & research facilities, the college provides technical know how and consultancy to various industries of this area. For further information
Gorakhpur is proud of having a galaxy of personalities who brought in national and international accolate and glory to the district through their best services in different walks of life. Even today, they are immortalized with institutions named after them.
Raghvendra Rao (original name), born in pune, a staunch patriot and an eminent social worker is popularly known as the Gandhi of Poorvanchal. He aroused cultural and national feelings, spread out education, served the poorest / lepers and sacrificed his life for the socio- economic betterment of the people of Purvanchal. In recognition to his service the medical college is named after him. Also for the shelter of lepers, Kushth Sewa Ashram was set up by him, 1951 at Gorakhpur. The noble saint and philosopher left for his heavenly abode on 15th January, 1958.
RAMPRASAD BISMIL (1897-1927)
Born in Shajahanpur, Ramprasad Bismil was a great revolutionary and believed in armed struggle against the British ruler. As the main accused in the famous Kakori Conspiracy Case (1925) he was hanged to death in Gorakhpur District Jail on 19th Dec.1927. He wrote his autobiography in jail, his last words being ” I wish the downfall of the British Empire”. His martyrdom at prime age inspired the people of Gorakhpur particularly and the nation to advance the freedom struggle to its logical end.
BABU BANDHU SINGH
The first great freedom fighter of Gorakhpur, waged Guerilla War with the Britishers, was at last arrested through an informer and hanged at Alinagar Chowk, Gorakhpur on 12th Aug. 1857. His supreme sacrifice remained a perpetual source of inspiration for the people of Gorakhpur till the attainment of freedom.
Original name Raghupati Sahay, a noted Urdu poet, recipient of Gyanpeeth Award belonged to Gorakhpur.
Original name Ganpat Rai, World famous Hindi Writer, was born in Varanasi but Gorakhpur was his work-place. As a writer he got recognition from Gorakhpur during his stay as an Asst. teacher and Hostel Superintendent (1916-1921).
HANUMAN PRASAD PODDAR
Hanuman Prasad Poddar, lovingly called as Bhaijee, a multifacent personality, an editor of famous religious magazine ‘Kalyan’ is remembered for his untiring efforts to propogate and disseminate Hindu religion across the world.
One of the famous founder of the Hindu Maha Sabha, a great nationalist and follower of yogi Gorakhnath, was closely associated with the famous Gorakhnath temple and established a number of educational institutions in the city. His contribution to the establishment of Gorakhpur University is significant.
Pt. S.N.M. TRIPATHI
Pt. Surti Narayan Mani Tripathi was the First ICS of UP State. He has held many important posts including the post of District Magistrate – Gorakhpur. That was the time when Pt. S.N.M. Tripathi took a vow to build an University in Gorakhpur. He was the Founder President of the Gorakhpur University. Other personalities like Mahant Digvijaynath, Shri Hanuman Prasad Poddar, Sardar Majithia were also members of the foundation team.
Pt. Dashrath Prasad Dwivedi
An editor of ‘Swadesh’ is known for his patriotic writings-editing.
VIR BAHADUR SINGH
Vir Bahadur Singh, real son of the soil, ex. Chief Minister of U.P. and Central Cabinet Minister of Communication, is widely remembered as the architect of modern Gorakhpur. Gorakhpur is indebted to him for ushering a series of developmental activities, the prominent being upgradation of the city Gorakhpur to B class and Nagar Nigam, creation of Gorakhpur Development Authority, construction of residential colonies, openeing of Sports College, Mahila I.T.I. and Navodaya Vidhyalaya, ambitous Ramgarh Project, Entertainment and Amusement Parks and widening of Roads.
Sir Surjit Singh Majithia
An Industrialist, founder of Sardar Nagar Sugar Mill and others. Sports loving and known for his charitable works.
Dr. Vidya Niwas Misra
Eminent Scholar of Hindi, Sanskrit Litrature resident of Gola Tehsil of Gorakhpur District. Padmeshree Awardee.
Smt. Janaki Devi
An Illiterate activist who reformed the people of many villages and is popular for her Social Activities. Resident of a Village of Pipraich Block, District Magistrate of Gorakhpur felicitated her alongwith other officials and public personalities.
Popular Punjabi Singer, started his carrier from Gorakhpur District.
Popular Filmy Song Writer known for his song ‘Bada Lutfa tha jab …..’ , belongs to Gorakhpur.
Sports Personalities from Gorakhpur
An ace badminton player of Gorakhpur, eight times national champion(1980-87), recipient of Arjuna Award, winner of Gold Medal in Common Wealth Games(1982), bronze medalist of Asian games (1982), took participation in several international tournaments. He was known as the great stroke player both on forehand and backhand. Unfortunately, his promising life was cut short by the cruel assasin’s bullet on 28th June. 1988.
Narendra Hirwani, born and brought up in Gorakhpur but played Ranji for M.P. State, is the youngest cricket test player and became crickecters of the year (1988). National record of taking maximum number of wickets (16 for 136) in test match( against west Indies at Madras) goes to his credit.
Hockey Player, represented and captained Indian Women Hockey team. Arjun Awardee.
Late Shri. Janardan Singh
Bharat Bhim and famous wrestler from Gorakhpur.
Panne Lal Yadav
India Fame Wrestler, represented India, in India and abroad. Yash Bahrti Awardee.
Ram Ashray Yadav, Chandra Vijay Singh, Janardan Yadav
Wrestlers, represented India Railways Team as well as Indian Team. All are Yash Bharti Awardee.